In addition to publications, scholarly field work was also being carried on and major finds were the results. The oldest carpet in existence was discovered in northern Siberia in the course of excavations carried out between 1948 and 1949 by the Russian archeologist, S. I. Rudenko. This carpet,which still baffles the scholars on many counts, was unearthed together with mummified bodies, a horse
Scholarly Study Begins
When compared with the carpets themselves the systematic study of them is a newcomer on the historical scene. Attention was first given only in 1891 and then with the publication of the so-called Vienna Book, a most elaborate edition authored by A. Riegl.(1) It was in three folio volumes and contained reproductions, some in color, of one hundred of the most import
The art of knotted-carpets is a gift of the Turks to world civilization; its history through the centuries is woven into the fabric of Turkish culture. Since its basic material is wool, carpet weaying is an activity of sheep raising communities. In fact the word "sheep" (koyun) has often been incorporated into some of the famous names of Turkish tribes, for example, the Karakoyunlu and the Akko
Carpets and kilims since their beginning were not created just for meeting man's physical needs but also for his psychological wishes. Religious beliefs and ritual life enrich and develop philosophical thoughts and the soul of man. This influences both the artist and his work in various ways. Just looking at the motifs and compositions in the carpets and kilims makes this evident.
One day a Yürük tribal chief saw a kilim rug cast on the ground by a tent. Looking at it brought anguish to his heart, so he called on his men to find the father of the girl who had woven that kilim rug. When the father of the girl was brought to the tent the chief asked:
"You have a daughter, don't you?"
"Yes, I do" replied the father.
"As I understand
Der herrliche Farbzusammenklang warmer Brauntöne bannt unseren Bluk Der satte Glan: handversponnener Wolle und die Anmut des Dekors bewegen unser Gemüt. Unergründlich ist der Zauber, den dieser rustikale Milas ausstrahlt. Ein großzügiges Mihrab in vollem Lehmbraun - gekrönt von einem rauten fömigen Giebel - bedeckt fast das ganze Feld. Wie ein strahlender Himmel wirkt das zarte Elfenbein
Der besondere Reiz dieses Yagcibedir liegt in seinem außergewöhnlichen Dekor.Während normalerweise eine Vielzahl kleiner Sternchen den tief-blauen Fond bedeckt, schmücken hier drei Medaillons in alternierenden Rottönen fast das ganze Feld. Von Tomatenrot über Korallen- und Oxydrot bis hin zu einem bläulichen Altrosa, reicht die Skala dieser prächtigen Medaillons, die mit dem Stahlblau des
Die besondere Schönheit dieses ca. 100 Jahre alten Anatoliers, liegt in der Leuchtkraft seiner Naturfarben. Der Reichtum des Kolorits im Orientteppich hat uns Europäer immer wieder überrascht und begeistert. Die Wirkung dieser kraftvollen Töne ist einzigartig. Ob man nun an die elementare Frische der Rot- und Orangefarben denkt, oder an die feierlich-ernsten Töne des Gebetsfeldes, immer bieten
Zu den exquisitesten Beispielen anatolischer Knüpfkunst zählten schon immer Ghiordes- Teppiche. Eine besonders reizvolle Art dieser Provenienz ist der sogenannte „Kiz-
Ghiordes." „Kiz" ist das türkische Wort für Mädchenund gemeint ist hier der Brautteppich - ein hervorragendes Knüpfwerk, das für die Aussteuer und den Bräutigam gefertigt wurde. Kenner lieben es seines harm
Aus dem 19. Jahrhundert stammt dieser bemerkenswerte Kula-Gebetsteppich.Ein mittellanger Flor aus glanzreicher Wolle gibt eine schlichte Gebets-nische in Ochsenblut-
Rot wieder. Ein mächtiger Lebensbaum füllt diese fast aus. Ähnlich wie die Friedhofsteppiche (sie tragen neben dem Lebensbaum zwei parallele Reihen von Zypressen), dienten auch diese Kulas ehemals dazu, die Leiche des Verstorb
Was man früher kaum beachtete, nämlich primitive, recht derbe Nomaden-teppiche, ist seit einigen Jahren plötzlich „in". Man ist fasziniert von der Urwüchsigkeit und Ausdruckskraft dieser Teppiche. Jeder einzelne davon ist ein Original, ein Teil der
Knüpferin selbst. All ihr Sehnen, ihre Wünsche flicht sie da hinein, denn meistens ist es ihr Hochzeitsgeschenk für den Auserwählten.
Bestechend schön, wie alle von den Yörüken (Halbnomaden im Gebiet um Bergama) geknüpften Brücken, ist auch dieses 90 Jahre alte Exemplar. Ausgesuchte Wolle von eigenen Tieren, zeichnet sich durch hervorragende Qualität und seidig schimmernden Glanz aus. Eine saubere Knüpfarbeit ergib trotz des relativ hohen Flors ein exaktes Bild und sichert ihm ein „langes Leben".Der Gesamteindruck di
Bombastische, ausdrucksvolle Bordüren umsäumen das unifarbene Gebetsfeld dieses edlen Seiden-Bursa aus dem vergangenen Jahrhundert. Bursa, auch „Brussa" genannt oder das antike Prusia, ist seit Jahrhunderten berühmt,und zwar nicht nur des hohen
Standes seiner Knüpfkunst wegen, sondern auch als Produktionsstätte bester Naturseide. Aus Bursa stammt die Seide für alle türkischen Tepp
Perhaps the most appealing attribute of oriental carpets is their wealth of colour, and this charm on the sheen and texture of the wool from which each individual carpet is made. The splendour of the colours, their lustre and sheen, are perhaps to be attributed to the fact that the oriental craftsmen often come from the most primitive strata of society, living still on a nomadic, or semi-nomadi
The motherland of rugs which occupy an important place in Turkey Art History, is Central Aisa. The technique of rug making appeared for the first time in The Turkish regions of Central Asia, and was developed and was developed and presented to the world by Turks.
The nomadic tribes of the Turkish regions formed the first weaving forms by making hides with thread obtained from the wool o
Turkish Kilim rug, which are more like tapestries - soft and thin and used as sofa covers or wall hangings - are also increasingly in demand. Kilim is a flat-woven rug (though because of the artful nature of the kilim, many are hung on the wall as show-pieces instead of being used as a floor-covering) made in several regions of the world, including Turkey, Persia, and the Cauca
At present, it is impossible to prove exactly when and where rug weaving began, as there is no reliable source, but it can be traced back as early the Neolithic age (7000 B.C.). The first examples consisting of warp and weft were textile products which resembled flat weave kilims. Then rugs were created by forming knots to make a pile. Accor
Are rugs of the so-called 'Salting group' Safavid carpets woven in Persia in the 16th or 17th century? Or were they copied in 19th century Turkey, perhaps from Persian originals? There is a chance that this question, one of the hoariest old chestnuts on the oriental carpet agenda, will be answered in a special half-day session at the 8th International Conference on Oriental Carpets (ICOC), whic
Alongside the development of the tradition Turkish carpets, a completely different type of carpet both in technique and design appears at the end of the 16th century, the Ottoman palace carpets. The conquest by the Ottomans of Tabriz in 1514 and later of Cairo in 1517 paved the way for some news concepts, both technical and ornamental, in the art of Turkish carpet making. The carpet first woven
These carpets display a simple pattern consisting of large squares with octagon fillings arranged in superimposed rows over the whole field. There may be two or four squares throughout the length of the carpet. This type of carpet, which develops throughout the 15th century, derives from the animal-figured carpets of Anatolia and the carpets with geometric patterns illustrated in 14t
From the middle of the 15th century onwards there is a steady increase in the number of carpets with patterns composed of octagons and lozenges arranged in staggered rows depicted in European paintings. This type of carpet is erroneously linked with the name of the German painter Hans Holbein. Actually, this type of carpet is to be found in paintings by Italian artists long before the time of H
Floral ornament, grouped round a central motif, mainly in yellow and light blue with some white, on a lustrous copper red ground. A narrow leaf border surrounds the field. Rarely has a style period been so clearly and precisely reproduced as in the example. Many varieties of flower forms are sti
The district of Dagestan adjoins Kuba to the North. Considerable rug production is undertaken in this area, just as in the Kuba area. In contrast to all other Caucasian rugs, the warp lies very diagonally (anything up to 75).This gives to the rugs a tighter, thicker handle. The weft is always woollen, and the ends, which are the same at both sides, have fringes knotted to give a honeycomb effec
The history of oriental carpet-making is intertwined with the lives of people, Turkic people who have migrated through the centuries from Central Asia westwards. So intrinsic an artistic expression of their understanding and way of life found itself a stabilizing but at the same time a c
Some forty years before the discovery of the Pazyryk carpet (1906,1908) Sir Marc Aurel Stein and Alfred von Le Coq found some knotted carpet fragments during their excavations in a grave shaft in Lou-lan and in a Buddhist stupa shrine at Lop-nor in East Turkestan. These pieces date from the 3rd to the history of carpet development.
Tle Lou-lan woole carpet fragment, an approximately squ
An association between the period of the early development of carpet art during the Abbasid Period in 9th century and Turkish involvement seems obvious when we recall that the capital city of the empire, Samarra (838-883) was in fact a Turkish
During his hectic day every man longs to be at home among his own things to relax and reflect. Such an atmosphere is created by beautiful furniture and artistic Oriental rugs. Whether a residence is designed in the modern, spacious style or arranged in a more traditional mode there is hardly any room decor that is not enhanced by an Oriental rug. Rugs of geometric pattern fit well into modern